22 de febrero de 2011


COURSE LOCATION: Bocas del Toro Biological Station, Boca del Drago, Isla Colon, Republic of Panama. The biological station is located on a beach facing the Caribbean Sea. Coral reef and seagrass ecosystems lie out in front of the station and lowland tropical rain forests lie directly behind. This juxtaposition of the two most biologically diverse ecosystems provides tremendous opportunities for education and research. See Panama: for details.

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Tiffany Troxler, Florida International University, Southeast Environmental Research Center, OE 167, 11200 SW 8th St., Miami, FL, 33199;
Specialty areas: wetland ecology, ecosystem ecology, Everglades ecosystems, ecohydrology, plant-soil interactions, estuarine ecology, restoration and management

COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course will present and synthesize ideas and concepts central to wetland ecology. It will emphasize aspects of wetland structure and function of riverine, mangrove, mixed hardwood and Raphia swamp forests and herbaceous bog wetlands of Bocas del Toro. The material covered is equivalent to a university upper level course in wetland ecology. The course is divided into three parts. During the first few days students will become familiar with the many ecosystems found in our area and with the trail systems during "orientation" walks. The bulk of the first 10 days will be spent learning field techniques and carrying out various group projects or exercises (see below). Midway through the course the entire station community takes a 3-day field trip to cloud forests of Boquete (see details below). On returning to the field station, students work on their individual research projects and continue to receive lectures or other activities in the evening.
Formal lectures Formal lectures will take place in the classroom and will include the use of PowerPoint presentations and chalkboard. Lectures will generally be given in the evening so that more daylight hours can be spent in the field. Lecture topics will include:

o Concepts in wetland ecology - populations, communities and ecosystems
o Regional climate and geology
o Hydrology
o Biogeochemistry
o Plant ecology and adaptations to the wetland environment
o Wetlands of Bocas del Toro including flora and fauna
o Wetland ecosystem services, management and environmental issues

Informal Lectures Informal lectures will be provided periodically during orientation walks, during group field projects or in discussion groups. These will cover a wide variety of topics and will generally be prompted by what we encounter in the field, or by the direction taken during group discussions.

Readings Readings corresponding to lecture subjects will be assigned in the texts. We will also read and critique papers brought by students and faculty and additional readings may be assigned from time to time. In addition, each student will read, critique, and provide oral reports on published papers brought to Bocas.

Required Text Mitsch, W.J. and J.G. Gosselink. 2007. Wetlands, 4th ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

Field Book A field book will be required in the course. The field book will contain all data related to group projects and independent research project. The field book should also contain all other incidental observations such as species lists, behavioral notes, etc., and contain detailed location information. The field book must be water-proof and either pencil or water-proof ink used to record data.

Group Field Projects, Exercises, Demonstrations and Excursions These projects designed by the faculty and worked on in groups of four or six students. The purpose of these projects is to familiarize students with an array of field sampling techniques and equipment commonly used in field studies. With help from a faculty member, students set up projects, collect data, and generally (depends on the project) analyze data, present the results to the class, and write a report.

Sample Group Project, Demonstration and Excursion Topics
o GPS and elevation survey techniques
o Experimental design and statistical analyses
o Vegetation survey techniques
o Techniques to quantify plant biomass
o Water quality measurements
o Characterization of wetland soil properties and soil respiration
o Spectrophotometric analyses of tissue, soil and water phosphorus content
o Leaf tannin and nutrient quality assays
o Wetland plant communities and animal communities

Individual Research Projects Working closely with faculty, students will be responsible for designing and completing an original wetland research project selected from a number of possible projects. These projects will be carried out during the second half of the course and students will have about 10 days for data collection. A few days before the end of the course students will analyze their data, write a technical report, prepare a PowerPoint presentation of their work and orally present their findings at a station-wide symposium on the last day of the course.
BOQUETE CLOUD FOREST FIELD TRIP: This three-day field trip takes place midway through the course and will allow students the opportunity to experience other habitats of Panama including tropical cloud and seasonal forests. We travel in ITEC boats to the mainland and then by private bus to the town of Boquete which lies at the base of 11,000 ft Volcan Baru. The bus trip will take us up and over the central mountain range and through remote Palo Seco National Park. Several stops will be made in route.
COURSE LENGTH: ITEC Summer field courses are four weeks in length. The course will run from May 15 through June 9, 2011.

TUITION: $2050 USD. Tuition fee includes all lodging, meals and airport transfers in Bocas del Toro. The tuition also covers transportation and lodging during the 3-day cloud forest field trip on the mainland.
REGISTRATION DEADLINE: April 15, 2011. The course is limited to 15 students and applications will be evaluated as they arrive. If you believe that your application may arrive late, notify ITEC.

GRADING and COURSE CREDIT: Up to 6 units of credit will be given, 3 for the lecture portion and 3 for the field portion. A letter grade will be assigned based on an exam, group project reports, final project, attendance at lectures, as well as contributions to the course, attitude and motivation. Course credit must be arranged at the student's institution. Contact ITEC for details.
CONTACT: Institute for Tropical Ecology and Conservation, 2911 NW 40th PL, Gainesville, FL 32605, 352-367-9128,,


Peter N. Lahanas, Ph.D.
Executive Director

Institute for Tropical Ecology and Conservation (ITEC)
2911 NW 40th Place, Gainesville, FL 32605, USA
phn: 352-367-9128

Bocas del Toro Biological Station
Bocas de Drago, Isla Colon, Prov. Bocas del Toro
Republic of Panama
phn: 507-6149-7002

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